Christ Pantocrator Sinai Icon


Image: The Prayer Foundation logo (with white Celtic cross on a green shield).  


  Photo: "Skellig Michael" Copyright Irish Tourist Board.

Image: portion of illuminated manuscript page from "The Book of Kells."Image: Christ Pantoctrator Icon from St. Catherine's  monastery in Sinai (6th or 7th century). "Christ, Ruler of All"

In quoting the Septuagint, St. Paul uses the word Pantokrator once (II Corinthians 6:18).  Aside from that one occurrence, the Apostle John in the Book of Revelation is the only New Testament author to use the word Pantokrator.

"Pantokrator" is used in the Book of Revelation 9 times (Revelation 1:8, 4:8, 11:17, 15:3, 16:7, 16:14, 19:6, 19:15, 21:22). ____________________________________________________________________

Sources: Wikipedia: "Christ Pantocrator", "Christ Pantokrator". ____________________________________________________________________

Photo of Christ Pantocrator Sinai Icon is in the Public Domain.  Photo of Skellig Michael Copyright Irish Tourist Board.  (Except Wikipedia Text) Layout Copyright 2007 S.G.P. All rights reserved. ____________________________________________________________________

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The oldest known surviving example of the icon of "Christ Pantocrator" (At Left). 

In the half-length Icon, Christ holds the New Testament in his left hand and blesses with his right.

The Icon was painted, or in Orthodox terminology, "written", in encaustic (a melted wax method) on panel in the sixth or seventh century.

It survived the period of destruction of images during the Iconoclastic disputes that racked the Eastern church, from 726 to 815 and 813 to 843, by being preserved in the remote desert of the Sinai, in Saint Catherine's Monastery (Photo Above).

The icon of Christ Pantokrator is one of the most widely used religious images of Orthodox Christianity.  Generally speaking, in Byzantine church art and architecture, an icon of Christ Pantokrator occupies the space in the central dome of the church, or simply on the ceiling, over the nave.

The iconic image of Christ Pantocrator ("Christ, Ruler of All") was one of the first images of Christ developed in the Early Christian Church and remains a central icon of the Eastern Orthodox Church.  When the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek, Pantokrator was used to replace the Hebrew title El Shaddai. Early Christians ascribed this title to Jesus of Nazareth.  The closest English equivalent for "Pantokrator" may be "Omnipotent". ________________